.

Monkey Observations at the Central Park Zoo

.

1/30/2010

.

ETHOGRAM

.

STATES

.

sittingrear end in contact with surface, stationary

.

groomingsitting/looking through fur of self or other, plucking, eating

.

watchingstaring at something

.

huddlingsitting in physical contact with one or more monkeys

.

hunchingsitting with bent over posture

.

nursing[this is speculative, unsure if that was observed

.

walkingmoving slowly on all fours from point A to B

.

foragingpicking through debris for food, sometimes eating

.

approachingwalking or dashing toward another monkey

.

carryingmother transporting baby latched to chest while walking

.

latchingbaby gripping mother tightly around chest

.

.

EVENTS

.

chasingone monkey following another at high speed

.

climbinghand over foot traversal of vertical surface

.

lookingflicking of gaze from one point to another

.

nuzzlingrub face or head against the fur of another monkey

.

chewing gnashing teeth together in quick succession

.

scratchingmoving fingers in fur or on skin abrasively, rapidly

.

shiftingchanging position slightly, adjust body orientation

.

spasmingsudden jerk of entire body, like a hiccup

.

scanningmoving head horizontally from left to right or vice versa

.

pickingseparating debris from food objects with hands

.

eatingbringing food to mouth

.

pluckingpicking up a 'utensil' with fingertips

.

squeakingemitting a high-pitched vocalization

.

grimacingshowing teeth, may occur with violent gesture

.

slappingviolent gesture, hand of one monkey connecting with another

.

jumpingbecoming airborne when moving from surface A to B

.

grabbingreaching for an object or monkey and clasping it

.

tippinglifting a prone object with fingers and toppling it

.

hangingmore than half the body dangling vertically

.

threat displayquick approach to another monkey while grimacing, wide posture

.

manipulatingusing hand or mouth to change orientation of a non-food object

.

kissingmonkey moving face or lips very close to another

.

lickingmoving tongue along surface or fur