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NameSustainableExplanationSources

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All Bottom Trawled FishFalse<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trawling#Environmental_damage">source</a>

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All Fish caught by LonglineFalse<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longline_fishing">source</a>

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AnchovyFalseThe MCS rates anchovy as 3-4 depending on stock and method of capture. FishWatch states that there is no information on the population levels of northern anchovy populations. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=anchovy&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-b51ded413158203fba27da9d3e82fafb&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/anchovy.htm">source</a>

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Arctic CharTrue<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=75">source</a>

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Barramundi (US/Europe/Australia)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium states that US and Australian barramundi is generally good to eat, as is other barramundi that is farmed in closed systems. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=78">source</a>

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Barramundi (Closed Production)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium states that US and Australian barramundi is generally good to eat, as is other barramundi that is farmed in closed systems. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=78">source</a>

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Barramundi (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium states that US and Australian barramundi is generally good to eat, as is other barramundi that is farmed in closed systems. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=78">source</a>

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Bream (Gilthead Bream)FalseThe MCS rates black bream as 2-3, but gilthead and red seabream as 4 and 5 respectively. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=bream&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-762fa47396fd90e2cbf3c49c20e9f40d&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Bream (Red Seabream)FalseThe MCS rates black bream as 2-3, but gilthead and red seabream as 4 and 5 respectively. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=bream&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-762fa47396fd90e2cbf3c49c20e9f40d&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Bream (Black Bream/Seabream)TrueThe MCS rates black bream as 2-3, but gilthead and red seabream as 4 and 5 respectively. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=bream&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-762fa47396fd90e2cbf3c49c20e9f40d&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Brown CrabFalseThe Marine Conservation Society rates pot-caught crab as 3, and raises concerns that the stock levels are showing indications of declining, and are not formally assessed. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=crab&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-48c5965dd9ad9c7e9b303e02c3c4b2a6&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Catfish (US Farmed)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US farmed catfish (as opposed to basa/pangasius) as sustainable, but other catfish is implied not to be sustainable. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=34">source</a>

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Catfish (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US farmed catfish (as opposed to basa/pangasius) as sustainable, but other catfish is implied not to be sustainable. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=34">source</a>

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CaviarFalseCaviar is harvested by killing sturgeon. The Monterey Bay Aquarium rates US sturgeon as a "Good Alternative" but other sturgeon as "Avoid". The MCS rates it as 5. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=24">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=sturgeon&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>

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Clam (Dredged)FalseThere are a large number of different clam species. The Monterey Bay Aquarium rates all types of clam as "Best Choice" or "Good Alternative", and FishWatch indicates that neither the ocean quahog nor the atlantic surfclam are overfished. The MCS rates manually collected clams as 2 and dredged quahogs as 3. However, the MCS rates American hard shell clams as 4, and ocean quahogs are on the Greenpeace red list for "Destructive Fishing Methods", "Habitat Impacts" and "Poor Fishery Management". In conclusion, the issue with clams appears to be not as much overfishing as the negative impact of dredging. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=80">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=clam&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-b0069c5e60c2520fe2ecfa41f3e96728&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atlantic_surfclam.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/ocean_quahog.htm, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Clam (Other)TrueThere are a large number of different clam species. The Monterey Bay Aquarium rates all types of clam as "Best Choice" or "Good Alternative", and FishWatch indicates that neither the ocean quahog nor the atlantic surfclam are overfished. The MCS rates manually collected clams as 2 and dredged quahogs as 3. However, the MCS rates American hard shell clams as 4, and ocean quahogs are on the Greenpeace red list for "Destructive Fishing Methods", "Habitat Impacts" and "Poor Fishery Management". In conclusion, the issue with clams appears to be not as much overfishing as the negative impact of dredging. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=80">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=clam&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-b0069c5e60c2520fe2ecfa41f3e96728&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atlantic_surfclam.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/ocean_quahog.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Cockle (Dredged)FalseThe MCS advises against consuming dredged cockles as dredging damages the sea floor. Hand-gathered cockles are rated 2. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=cockle&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-fe1c6c9f1059bdca80aa82ab71a0a80a&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Cockle (Hand Gathered)TrueThe MCS advises against consuming dredged cockles as dredging damages the sea floor. Hand-gathered cockles are rated 2. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=cockle&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-fe1c6c9f1059bdca80aa82ab71a0a80a&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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CodFalseData on cod is very contradictory, and there is no clear and easy rule to determine what cod is sustainable. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=7">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=cod&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-412b2e9c04bab35c8bcb7b7ec6310160&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atlantic_cod.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_cod.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Coley/SaitheTrueThe Marine Conservation Society rates coley as 2-3. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=coley&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-f48bf4749bc0520caa85574ef84a745f&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Crayfish (US)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium states that US farmed crayfish are a "Best Choice", but to "Avoid" imported ones. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. So while this view is probably too US-centric, in the absence of further information, US crayfish is rated as sustainable and all other crayfish is not. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=48">source</a>

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Crayfish (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium states that US farmed crayfish are a "Best Choice", but to "Avoid" imported ones. The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. So while this view is probably too US-centric, in the absence of further information, US crayfish is rated as sustainable and all other crayfish is not. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=48">source</a>

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DabFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists dab as "Avoid". The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=106">source</a>

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DogfishFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates most dogfish as "Avoid". The MCS rates dogfish as 3-5, while FishWatch states that Atlantic stocks are fine while the status of Pacific stocks is unknown. The MCS also states that dogfish are vulnerable to exploitation due to being slow-growing and slow-maturing. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=54">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=dogfish&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=1&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_spiny_dogfish.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_spiny_dog.htm">source</a>

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Dungeness CrabTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists dungeness crab as a "Best Choice". The MCS, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=8">source</a>

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EelFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists eel as "Avoid", and the MCS lists all types of eel as 5 - very unsustainable. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=94">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=eel&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-18de8edec65300a17b537694c2fdaffd&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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FlounderTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists flounder as "Good Alternative"/"Avoid", but then lists fish that are not flounders like dab. The MCS rates flounders as 2-3, but picks out witch flounder or torbay sole as 4. FishWatch say that arrowtooth and summer flounders are OK, but winter and yellowtail flounders are overfished. The conclusion is a very tentative "not sustainable", and further data would be very useful! Greenpeace have no information. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=39">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=flounder&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-25d8984e5c9310a57b75de857ccc8d14&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/arrowtooth_flounder.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/summer_flounder.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/winter_flounder.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/yellowtail_flounder.htm">source</a>

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Grenadier/Hoki/WhiptailFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates grenadier as "Avoid" and the MCS as 3-5. Blue grenadier/hoki is on the Greenpeace red list. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=72">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=grenadier&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-f8429a12171104d65d4dd21b70266d55&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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GurnardTrueThe MCS lists three different kinds of gurnard, rating them 2-3. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=gurnard&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=1&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-bf6527b054b36e9ca07f59ec81a41244&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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HaddockTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Atlantic cod as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative". The MCS shows a very mixed picture, with some Atlantic populations rated 2, and others rated 5. FishWatch states that US haddock populations are at target levels but does not give information about other populations. In conclusion, haddock is tentatively sustainable. There is unfortunately no easy guide to avoiding the depleted populations apart from relying on labeling. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=59">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=haddock&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/haddock.htm">source</a>

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Halibut (Pacific)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Atlantic and some Pacific halibut as "Avoid" and other halibut as "Good Alternative", and specifically Alaskan halibut as "Best Choice". The MCS rates farmed and Pacific halibut as 2, and Atlantic halibut as 4-5. FishWatch indicates that Pacific halibut populations are healthy. Atlantic halibut is on the Greenpeace red list. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=9">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=halibut&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-508d4815103243cbd4430cb2d99b6935&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pacific_halibut.htm">source</a>

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Halibut (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Atlantic and some Pacific halibut as "Avoid" and other halibut as "Good Alternative", and specifically Alaskan halibut as "Best Choice". The MCS rates farmed and Pacific halibut as 2, and Atlantic halibut as 4-5. FishWatch indicates that Pacific halibut populations are healthy. Atlantic halibut is on the Greenpeace red list. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=9">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=halibut&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-508d4815103243cbd4430cb2d99b6935&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pacific_halibut.htm

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Herring (Norway, Iceland, North Sea, US)TrueSources paint a very complex picture here: The Monterey Bay Aquarium labels US Atlantic herring as a "Good Alternative", and FishWatch agrees, stating that US Atlantic herring is at 97% of target level and is being fished using low-impact methods. The MCS has a more detailed breakdown that indicates that some stocks, especially in the Baltic, Ireland and Scotland, are in extremely bad condition. Given the need to show information simple enough to follow, I've created a "white list" of sources that are definitely sustainable, and labelled other herring as unsustainable. Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=83">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=herring&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-95df4b2ce5c9d0899ce152eca44ead10&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_herring.htm">source</a>

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Herring (Other)FalseSources paint a very complex picture here: The Monterey Bay Aquarium labels US Atlantic herring as a "Good Alternative", and FishWatch agrees, stating that US Atlantic herring is at 97% of target level and is being fished using low-impact methods. The MCS has a more detailed breakdown that indicates that some stocks, especially in the Baltic, Ireland and Scotland, are in extremely bad condition. Given the need to show information simple enough to follow, I've created a "white list" of sources that are definitely sustainable, and labelled other herring as unsustainable. Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=83">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=herring&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-95df4b2ce5c9d0899ce152eca44ead10&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_herring.htm

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King Crab (US)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates US king crab as a "Good Alternative", but other king crab as "Avoid". FishWatch state that US king crab is not overfished. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=8">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/red_king_crab.htm">source</a>

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King Crab (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates US king crab as a "Good Alternative", but other king crab as "Avoid". FishWatch state that US king crab is not overfished. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=8">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/red_king_crab.htm">source</a>

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King Prawn (Organic Farmed)TrueThe MCS rates organically farmed king prawns as 1, and prawns from other sources as 3-5. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+king&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-2620bc23bf758089227d91b6422eb215&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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King Prawn (Other Farmed)FalseThe MCS rates organically farmed king prawns as 1, and prawns from other sources as 3-5. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+king&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-2620bc23bf758089227d91b6422eb215&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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King Prawn (Wild Caught)FalseThe MCS rates organically farmed king prawns as 1, and prawns from other sources as 3-5. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+king&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-2620bc23bf758089227d91b6422eb215&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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LobsterFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates US lobster as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative", and Brazilian lobster as "Avoid". FishWatch partially contradicts this, stating that Southern New England lobster is overfished. Finally, the MCS heavily contradicts this, rating all lobster as 3-5, specifically calling the management and sustainability of Maine lobster into question. Given this contradiction, the verdict is "unsustainable". <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=10">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=lobster&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-94eb404bb3b0b6879a55f2be7dae94e6&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/amer_lobster.htm">source</a>

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MackerelTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists mackerel as "Best Choice" or "Good Alternative", the MCS rates it as 2 (on a scale of 5 where 1 is sustainable and 5 is not), and FishWatch indicate four different kinds of mackerel that are all not considered overfished. Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=47">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=mackerel&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=1&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-a4f3012cdfb181aaac3354c80306bad1&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>

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Mahi-Mahi/DolphinfishTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists mahi mahi from the US as "Best Choice" and other non-longline fished mahi mahi as a "Good Alternative". The MCS rates it as 2-3, and FishWatch states that while population levels are not formally assessed they are assumed to be stable. As a large and badly monitored fish, it is potentially threatened, but in the absence of evidence for this, it is labeled as "sustainable". <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=11">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=mahi&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-079e6663ff27c9b6eab58e3f4122e4d1&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/dolphinfish.htm

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MarlinFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates most marlin as "Avoid", with the exception of Hawaiian marlin, which is rates as a "Good Alternative". The MCS rates all marlin as 5. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=62">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=marlin&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-bddd291461261c6946bd1414d5e06a60&form_id=stfish_search_long_form]">source</a>

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MonkfishFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates all monkfish as "Avoid" and the MCS rates it as 3-4. It is also on the Greenpeace red list. FishWatch contradicts this, stating that (US?) monkfish is being harvested at sustainable levels. Given this contradiction, monkfish is currently rated as "unsustainable", and more data would be helpful. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=13">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=monkfish&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-4f292e5161a330620710d1784b281a9b&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/monkfish.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Mussels (Farmed)TrueThe MCS and Monterey Bay Aquarium agree that farmed mussels are very sustainable. According to the MCS, hand-caught mussels are rated 1, while mussels obtained by dredging are rated 3. Seasonality information for wild caught mussels is from Eat the Seasons. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=81">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=mussel&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-4c73cee8a23599e3613c4af2f5df6b26&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://eattheseasons.co.uk/Archive/mussels.htm

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Mussels (Wild Caught)TrueThe MCS and Monterey Bay Aquarium agree that farmed mussels are very sustainable. According to the MCS, hand-caught mussels are rated 1, while mussels obtained by dredging are rated 3. Seasonality information for wild caught mussels is from Eat the Seasons. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=81">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=mussel&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-4c73cee8a23599e3613c4af2f5df6b26&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://eattheseasons.co.uk/Archive/mussels.htm

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Northern Prawn/Pink Shrimp (US and Canadian)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates northern shrimp from the US and Canada as a "Good Alternative". The MCS rates prawns coming from the north west atlantic/Canada as 2-3, and from the north east atlantic as 2-4. FishWatch states that population levels in the South Atlantic are low. In conclusion, US and Canadian shrimp appear to be a sustainable option. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+northern&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-3c0463e00820d6323c06d9b267436880&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pink_shrimp.htm">source</a>

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Northern Prawn/Pink Shrimp (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates northern shrimp from the US and Canada as a "Good Alternative". The MCS rates prawns coming from the north west atlantic/Canada as 2-3, and from the north east atlantic as 2-4. FishWatch states that population levels in the South Atlantic are low. In conclusion, US and Canadian shrimp appear to be a sustainable option. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+northern&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-3c0463e00820d6323c06d9b267436880&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pink_shrimp.htm">source</a>

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OystersTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium and MCS approve of farmed oysters. Wild oysters may be problematic due to environmental damage caused by dredging, but most oysters are farmed. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=82">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=oyster&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-62de34f1baa91ce8a9485cc098f3fa32&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Pangasius (GlobalGAP Certified)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Pangasius as "Good Alternative" but notes that there are "conservation concerns with the current practice of open cage aquaculture combined with little or no management of these fish farming operations in Asia". The MCS list "GlobalGAP"-certified pangasius as a 3, and indicate a large number of concerns. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. The conclusion is that while pangasius can be sustainably farmed, it is often not, and it is best to stick to certified fish. More information would be useful, as there are almost certainly other sustainable sources. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=103">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/fish/basa-tra-catfish-or-vietnamese-river-cobbler-358">source</a>

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Pangasius (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Pangasius as "Good Alternative" but notes that there are "conservation concerns with the current practice of open cage aquaculture combined with little or no management of these fish farming operations in Asia". The MCS list "GlobalGAP"-certified pangasius as a 3, and indicate a large number of concerns. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. The conclusion is that while pangasius can be sustainably farmed, it is often not, and it is best to stick to certified fish. More information would be useful, as there are almost certainly other sustainable sources. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=103">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/fish/basa-tra-catfish-or-vietnamese-river-cobbler-358">source</a>

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Pink ShrimpFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists pink shrimp from the US as a "Good Alternative", but advises against pink shrimp from other sources. FishWatch states that some pink shrimp populations are overfished. More information could paint a more accurate picture, but for now the verdict is "unsustainable". <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pink_shrimp.htm">source</a>

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PlaiceFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Pacific and Icelandic plaice as a "Good Alternative", but Atlantic plaice as "Avoid". The MCS rates plaice as 3-5. Given there is no easy way to distinguish between somewhat sustainable stocks and non-sustainable ones, the verdict is "unsustainable". FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=85">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=plaice&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>

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Pollock/PollackTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists all pollock apart from Icelandic pollock as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative". The MCS rates it as 2-3, and FishWatch indicates that both Alaskan and Atlantic stocks are mostly on target. Greenpeace has no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=15">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=pollack&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-4933ca0f971ed6439d41af55935d7037&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/walleye_pollock.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_pollock.htm">source</a>

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RayFalseThe MCS lists a number of different ray species and rates them as 3-5. Greenpeace has rays on its red list. The Monterey Bay Aquarium and FishWatch have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=ray&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-713eec460d4477455715fa86ce83823b&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/

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Razor ClamFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lumps in razor clams along with other clams as "Best Choice". However, the MCS paints a different picture, rating them 3-5 depending on the method of collection. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?fid=29">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=razor+clam&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0c4a3d349104749b70fa01f76f063897&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Salmon (Farmed)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists wild-caught Alaskan salmon and farmed US salmon as good choices. The MCS rates Pacific salmon as 2 and farmed European salmon as 3, but Atlantic salmon as 5. FishWatch rates Atlantic salmon as overfished and other salmon populations as variable or threatened. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=17">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=salmon&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-48a659c6a8ef4e5559a388f28a39b45f&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>

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Salmon (Alaskan)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists wild-caught Alaskan salmon and farmed US salmon as good choices. The MCS rates Pacific salmon as 2 and farmed European salmon as 3, but Atlantic salmon as 5. FishWatch rates Atlantic salmon as overfished and other salmon populations as variable or threatened. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=17">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=salmon&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-48a659c6a8ef4e5559a388f28a39b45f&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>

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Salmon (Atlantic)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists wild-caught Alaskan salmon and farmed US salmon as good choices. The MCS rates Pacific salmon as 2 and farmed European salmon as 3, but Atlantic salmon as 5. FishWatch rates Atlantic salmon as overfished and other salmon populations as variable or threatened. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=17">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=salmon&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-48a659c6a8ef4e5559a388f28a39b45f&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch">source</a>

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Salmon (Other)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists wild-caught Alaskan salmon and farmed US salmon as good choices. The MCS rates Pacific salmon as 2 and farmed European salmon as 3, but Atlantic salmon as 5. FishWatch rates Atlantic salmon as overfished and other salmon populations as variable or threatened. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=17">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=salmon&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-48a659c6a8ef4e5559a388f28a39b45f&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>

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Sardine (Mediterranean)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates Mediterranean sardines as "Avoid" but Pacific sardines as "Best Choice". The MCS rates Mediterranean ones as 4, and other sources as 2-3. Finally, FishWatch states that Pacific sardine stocks are healthy. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=30">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=sardine&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/sardine.htm">source</a>

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Sardine (Other)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates Mediterranean sardines as "Avoid" but Pacific sardines as "Best Choice". The MCS rates Mediterranean ones as 4, and other sources as 2-3. Finally, FishWatch states that Pacific sardine stocks are healthy. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=30">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=sardine&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/sardine.htm">source</a>

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Seabass (Farmed)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US white seabass caught with hook-and-line or gillnet as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative". The MCS rates trawled seabass as 5, farmed seabass as 4, and seabass caught by other means as 2. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=37">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=seabass&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-32c945a2f63b2029019f836717620212&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Seabass (Trawled)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US white seabass caught with hook-and-line or gillnet as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative". The MCS rates trawled seabass as 5, farmed seabass as 4, and seabass caught by other means as 2. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=37">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=seabass&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-32c945a2f63b2029019f836717620212&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Seabass (Other Wild Caught)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US white seabass caught with hook-and-line or gillnet as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative". The MCS rates trawled seabass as 5, farmed seabass as 4, and seabass caught by other means as 2. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=37">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=seabass&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-32c945a2f63b2029019f836717620212&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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SharkFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates all sharks as "Avoid". The MCS rates all sharks as 5. FishWatch track two shark species, thresher shark and mako shark, whose stocks are either unknown or overfished. Finally, sharks are on the Greenpeace red list. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=54">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=shark&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-d6670abc1cdb97210e984767ae232d8e&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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SkateFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates all skates as "Avoid", and the MCS rate all skates as 5. Skates are on the Greenpeace red list. FishWatch has no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=73">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=skate&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-f8f1c8db30cdf241e488552b107d8732&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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SnapperFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium list a large number of snapper species, most of them as "Avoid", a few as "Good Alternative". The MCS rates crimson snapper as 3 and red snapper as 5. FishWatch states that both red and vermilion snapper is overfished. Finally, red snapper is on the Greenpeace red list. In conclusion, while there are some types of snapper that may be somewhat sustainable, it is more practical to label all of them as unsustainable. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=41">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=snapper&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-5925c71275f3f299c80f232fe57af5f7&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/red_snapper.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/vermilion_snapper.htm">source</a>

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Sole (Common/Dover Sole)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Pacific sole (and related flatfish?) as a "Good Alternative", and Atlantic sole as "Avoid". The MCS lists common/dover sole as 2-5 depending on the specific stock area. Lemon sole, on the other hand, is rated 2-3. FishWatch states that most sole species in US fisheries are not overfished. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=98">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=sole&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-6b11153c61e3bd4418aca1d2177dd4f6&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>

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Sole (Other)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Pacific sole (and related flatfish?) as a "Good Alternative", and Atlantic sole as "Avoid". The MCS lists common/dover sole as 2-5 depending on the specific stock area. Lemon sole, on the other hand, is rated 2-3. FishWatch states that most sole species in US fisheries are not overfished. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=98">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=sole&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-6b11153c61e3bd4418aca1d2177dd4f6&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/">source</a>

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Spider CrabTrueThe MCS rates spider crabs as 2-3 depending on method of capture. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=spider&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-d85c93e643a1877e7cca8b117aa16cc2&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Spiny Lobster (Nicaragua, Honduras, Brazil)False<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=10">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/car_spiny_lobster.htm">source</a>

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Spiny Lobster (Other)True<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=10">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/car_spiny_lobster.htm">source</a>

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SquidTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists all squid as "Best Choice" and "Good Alternative", and the MCS rates squid as 2-3. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. Data is lacking about Pacific squid. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=22">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=squid&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-24e2a8a5089cbf794919e28caded1d62&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Stone CrabTrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists stone crab as a "Best Choice", and FishWatch indicates that the nature of harvesting stone crab makes it very sustainable. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=8">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/stone_crab.htm">source</a>

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Striped BassTrueBoth the Monterey Bay Aquarium and FishWatch state that striped bass is not overfished. The former also states that farmed striped bass is generally raised inland avoiding ocean pollution. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=23">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_striped_bass.htm">source</a>

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SturgeonFalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates US sturgeon as a "Good Alternative" but other sturgeon as "Avoid". The MCS rates it as 5. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=24">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=sturgeon&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-0de3d8b35a0c5d810da3d1eca3d33a9f&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>

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Swordfish (Hawaii, California, Oregon)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Hawaiian and some US swordfish as "Best Choice", but other US swordfish as "Good Alternative", and other swordfish as "Avoid". The MCS lists swordfish as 2-5 depending on source. FishWatch states that North Atlantic and North Pacific stocks are not overfished. Swordfish is also on the Greenpeace red list, but they state that Hawaiian, Californian and Oregonian swordfish is well managed and a good alternative. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=25">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=Swordfish&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=Xiphias+gladius&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=5&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-a6ab44989972b6332c1fafe6fcac1135&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/n_atl_swordfish.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_swordfish.htm">source</a>

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Swordfish (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists Hawaiian and some US swordfish as "Best Choice", but other US swordfish as "Good Alternative", and other swordfish as "Avoid". The MCS lists swordfish as 2-5 depending on source. FishWatch states that North Atlantic and North Pacific stocks are not overfished. Swordfish is also on the Greenpeace red list, but they state that Hawaiian, Californian and Oregonian swordfish is well managed and a good alternative. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=25, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=Swordfish&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=Xiphias+gladius&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=5&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-a6ab44989972b6332c1fafe6fcac1135&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/n_atl_swordfish.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_swordfish.htm">source</a>

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Tiger Prawn (Organic or Zero Input Farmed)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates imported tiger prawn as "Avoid". The MCS rates all wild fished and intensively farmed tiger prawns as 5. However, the MCS rates organic and zero input farmed tiger prawns as 1-2. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+tiger&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-87088eb63e9f4c466484768f77192512&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Tiger Prawn (Other Farmed)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates imported tiger prawn as "Avoid". The MCS rates all wild fished and intensively farmed tiger prawns as 5. However, the MCS rates organic and zero input farmed tiger prawns as 1-2. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+tiger&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-87088eb63e9f4c466484768f77192512&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Tiger Prawn (Wild Caught)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates imported tiger prawn as "Avoid". The MCS rates all wild fished and intensively farmed tiger prawns as 5. However, the MCS rates organic and zero input farmed tiger prawns as 1-2. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=prawn%2C+tiger&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-87088eb63e9f4c466484768f77192512&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Tilapia (Organic or Closed Production)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US tilapia as "Best Choice", South American as "Good Alternative" and Chinese/Taiwanese as "Avoid". The MCS rates tilapia farmed organically or in closed recirculation systems as 1, its best score. The conclusion is that it is actually the method of production rather than the origin country that determines tilapia's sustainability. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=27">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=tilapia&fish_method_of_production=2&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=1&op=Search&form_build_id=form-9253257ec0d500127a1b94b9dc152945&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>

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Tilapia (Other)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists US tilapia as "Best Choice", South American as "Good Alternative" and Chinese/Taiwanese as "Avoid". The MCS rates tilapia farmed organically or in closed recirculation systems as 1, its best score. The conclusion is that it is actually the method of production rather than the origin country that determines tilapia's sustainability. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data. <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=27">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=tilapia&fish_method_of_production=2&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&scientific_name=&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_area=1&op=Search&form_build_id=form-9253257ec0d500127a1b94b9dc152945&form_id=stfish_search_short_form">source</a>

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Trout (Rainbow Trout)TrueMonterey Bay Aquarium states that farmed rainbow trout are a good choice. The MCS rate farmed rainbow trout as 1-3 on a scale of 5, with 1 for organic farmed trout. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data.<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?fid=64">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=trout%2C+rainbow&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-d8f2aa43e2ffac87f7672702193f300a&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Trout (Other)FalseMonterey Bay Aquarium and the MCS give a mixed to negative picture for sea trout. MCS rate it 3-5 depending on method of capture and farming. FishWatch and Greenpeace have no data.<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?fid=236">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=trout%2C+brown+or+sea&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-554e41894cd115556acae4c2ca7965f3&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>

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Tuna (Longline and Purse Seine caught)False

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Tuna (Albacore)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium indicates that troll and pole-and-line fished Pacific albacore is sustainable. However, Atlantic and longline caught albacore is labeled "Avoid". The MCS also rate albacore as 2-5 depending on method of harvesting and stock area. Finally, FishWatch say that Atlantic albacore stock levels are doing badly, but Pacific stock levels are fine. Albacore tuna is also on Greenpeace's red list. So while it is possible to source sustainable albacore, the number of factors to consider are too great, which is why the final verdict is "unsustainable".<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=67">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=albacore+tuna&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-5e55b78aea607976b0bf4b40150101b2&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_albacore.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_albacore.htm">source</a>

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Tuna (Yellowfin)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium lists troll and pole-and-line caught yellowfin as sustainable. The MCS rates yellowfin caught by this method as 3-4, and yellowfin caught by other methods as 4-5. FishWatch states that the Atlantic population is stable but the Pacific one is overfished. As with the albacore, while there are some combinations of geography and fishing methods that may be sustainable, it would be hard to find, which is why the final verdict is "unsustainable".<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=71">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=Yellowfin%20tuna&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=Thunnus%20albacares&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=5&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-eda9f6518b6dd286a57022c20b7a604e&form_id=stfish_search_long_form, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_yellowfin.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_yellowfin_tuna.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Tuna (Skipjack)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates skipjack that's not caught by purse seine or longline as "Best Choice". The MCS rates skipjack not caught by purse seine or longline as 2-3. FishWatch states that both Atlantic and Pacific skipjack is not overfished. Greenpeace has no data.<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=70">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=skipjack+tuna&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=5&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-b9468fdab4dde6b088e0f331ab8a2e83&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_skipjack.htm, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_skipjack.htm">source</a>

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Tuna (Bigeye)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium labels non-longline fished bigeye as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative". However, MCS rates it as 3-5 depending on stock and method of fishing. FishWatch states that Atlantic tuna is not overfished, but Pacific tuna is. Finally, bigeye is on the Greenpeace red list. In conclusion, the data is quite contradictory, which means that the verdict is "unsustainable" until some better conclusion can be reached.<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=68">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=bigeye+tuna&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=5&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-3ee61a6ec5f1c4b7addeef0445e8235e&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_bigeye_tuna.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/pac_bigeye_tuna.htm, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Tuna (Bluefin)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium list bluefin as "Avoid" and the MCS as 5. FishWatch lists it as overfished, and it's on Greenpeace's red list.<a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=69">source</a>, <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=bluefin+tuna&fish_method_of_production=1&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=5&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-3c6e0105c89cd1905dda1f129fb25dac&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_bluefin_tuna.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/oceans/seafood/red-fish/">source</a>

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Turbot (farmed)TrueThe MCS rates all wild caught turbot as 4-5, but (onshore open circuit) farmed turbot as 2. FishWatch states that Greenland turbot populations are healthy. Given the contradiction, wild caught turbot is labeled as "unsustainable" and farmed turbot as "sustainable". <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=turbot&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-ffe4550792f458d2dd9be74dc12c00b9&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/green_turbot.htm">source</a>

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Turbot (wild caught)FalseThe MCS rates all wild caught turbot as 4-5, but (onshore open circuit) farmed turbot as 2. FishWatch states that Greenland turbot populations are healthy. Given the contradiction, wild caught turbot is labeled as "unsustainable" and farmed turbot as "sustainable". <a href="http://www.fishonline.org/search-results?common_name=turbot&fish_method_of_production=0&fish_named_capture_area=0&fish_production_country=0&scientific_name=&fish_farmed_type=0&fish_capture_method_detail=0&fish_stock_area=0&fish_production_area=0&page_size=10&fishonline_rating=0&fish_stock_detail=0&fish_production_method_detail=0&op=Search&form_build_id=form-ffe4550792f458d2dd9be74dc12c00b9&form_id=stfish_search_long_form">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/green_turbot.htm">source</a>

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White Shrimp (Wild Caught)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates both wild caught and farmed white shrimp from the US as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative", but shrimp from other sources as "Avoid". FishWatch states that population levels of wild white shrimps are "high". The Wikipedia page on shrimp farming lists a large number of environmental issues associated with the practice. The conclusion is that it is the means of farming rather than the source that makes the difference. (The MCS and Greenpeace have no data.) <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/wild_white_shrimp.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shrimp_farm">source</a>

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White Shrimp (Farmed in fully recirculating systems or inland ponds)TrueThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates both wild caught and farmed white shrimp from the US as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative", but shrimp from other sources as "Avoid". FishWatch states that population levels of wild white shrimps are "high". The Wikipedia page on shrimp farming lists a large number of environmental issues associated with the practice. The conclusion is that it is the means of farming rather than the source that makes the difference. (The MCS and Greenpeace have no data.) <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/wild_white_shrimp.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shrimp_farm">source</a>

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White Shrimp (Other Farmed)FalseThe Monterey Bay Aquarium rates both wild caught and farmed white shrimp from the US as "Best Choice"/"Good Alternative", but shrimp from other sources as "Avoid". FishWatch states that population levels of wild white shrimps are "high". The Wikipedia page on shrimp farming lists a large number of environmental issues associated with the practice. The conclusion is that it is the means of farming rather than the source that makes the difference. (The MCS and Greenpeace have no data.) <a href="http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/SeafoodWatch/web/sfw_factsheet.aspx?gid=20">source</a>, <a href="http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/wild_white_shrimp.htm">source</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shrimp_farm">source</a>